1 edition of Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment (AMUSE) found in the catalog.
Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment (AMUSE)
This is the final data report of all acoustically tracked RAFOS data collected in 1993-1995 during A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment (AMUSE). The overall objective of the program was to observe directly the spreading pathways by which Mediterranean Water enters the North Atlantic. This includes the direct observation of Mediterranean eddies (meddies), which is one mechanism that transports Mediterranean Water to the North Atlantic. The experiment was comprised of a repeated high-resolution expendable bathythermograph (XBT) section and RAFOS float deployments across the Mediterranean Undercurrent south of Portugal near 8.5W. A total of 49 floats were deployed at a rate of about two floats per week on 23 cruises on the chartered Portuguese-based vessel, Kialoa II, and one cruise on the R/V Endeavor. The floats were ballasted for 1100 or 1200 decibars (db) to seed the lower salinity core of the Mediterranean Undercurrent. The objectives of the Lagrangian float study were (1) to identify where meddies form, (2) to make the first direct estimate of meddy formation frequency, (3) to estimate the fraction of time meddies are being formed, and (4) to determine the pathways by which Mediterranean Water which is not trapped in meddies enters the North Atlantic.
|Other titles||RAFOS float data report.|
|Statement||by Heather D. Hunt...[et al.]|
|Series||WHOI -- 98-14., WHOI (Series) -- 98-14.|
|Contributions||Hunt, Heather D., Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iii, 123 p. :|
|Number of Pages||123|
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A Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment (AMUSE): part II: RAFOS float data report, May March The experiment was comprised of a repeated high-resolution expendable bathythermograph (XBT) section and RAFOS float deployments across the Mediterranean Undercurrent. Two experiments [covering – A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment (AMUSE) and Structures des Echanges Mer– Atmosphère, Propriétés des Hétérogénéités Océaniques: Recherche Expérimentale (SEMAPHORE)] and XBT temperature measurements were used to directly validate the method presented herein.
A major ﬁeld program, called A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment, has been carried out to directly observe meddy formation and the spreading pathways of Mediter- ranean Water. A major field Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment book, called A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment, has been carried out to directly observe meddy formation and the spreading pathways of Mediterranean Water Cited by: A major field program, called A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment (AMUSE), was carried out to directly observe meddy formation and the spreading pathways of MW into the North Atlantic.
Forty-nine RAFOS floats were deployed sequentially in the Mediterranean Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment book south of Portugal on 25 cruises between May and Marchaccompanied by high-resolution XBT sections across the by: Two experiments [covering – A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment (AMUSE) and Structures des Echanges Mer–Atmosphère, Propriétés des Hétérogénéités Océaniques: Recherche Expérimentale (SEMAPHORE)] and XBT temperature measurements were used to directly validate the method presented by: The AMUSE data set [Bower et al., ] was used to study the behavior of Meddies in a Lagrangian reference frame.
The AMUSE experiment included an observational component based on the successful seeding, on a weekly basis, of 49 total RAFOS floats in the Mediterranean Undercurrent off Cited by: 3.
In summary, instability of the Mediterranean Water undercurrents southwest of Portugal occurs preferentially near topographic anomalies (capes, canyons and spurs). Near canyons in particular, the vertical alignment of the undercurrents can be favorable to their baroclinic by:  A small volume ( cu‐inch) seismic source producing signal predominantly in the – Hz frequency window was used during the GO calibration experiment in the Gulf of Cadiz (April–May ).
The data show the small scale (Cited by: Bower et al. (), during A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment (AMUSE), deployed floats in the Mediterranean undercurrent to study possible mechanisms of meddy formation.
The negative relative vorticity found both in meddies and in the Mediterranean undercurrent led Bower et al. () Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment book the conclusion that the theory of D’Asaro Cited by:  Some aspects of time variability of the MW off south Portugal have been studied by Ambar et al.
through repeated temperature sections in the vicinity of Portimão Canyon during the AMUSE (A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment) project [Bower et al.,a].
An intra‐annual variability, ranging from a few days to Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment book possible Cited by: 9. The World Ocean Circulation Experiment has established Lagrangian observations with neutrally buoyant floats as a routine Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment book in the study of deep-sea currents.
Here a novel variant of the well-proven RAFOS concept for seeding floats Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment book locations where they can be triggered on a Cited by: A.S. Bower, L. Armi, I. AmbarLagrangian observations of meddy formation during a Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment Journal of Physical Oceanography, 27 Cited by: 1.
Introduction  The Mediterranean Sea is an evaporation basin which produces warm and salty waters which exit into the Atlantic Ocean via the Straits of Gibraltar. On the Iberian continental slope in the Gulf of Cadiz, these waters undergo strong diapycnal mixing with the surrounding North Atlantic Central Waters, and also the influence of the Coriolis by: Title: Lagrangian Observations of Meddy Formation during A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment* Authors: Bower, Amy S.; Armi, Laurence; Ambar, Isabel.
A major field program, called A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment, has been carried out to directly observe meddy formation and the spreading pathways of Mediter- ranean Water into the. Bower AS, Armi L, Ambar I () Lagrangian observations of meddy formation during a Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment.
J Phys Oceanogr 27(12)– CrossRef Google Scholar Cited by: 2. Article excerpt. One of the most prominent features of the North Atlantic Ocean is the tongue of salty water that extends from Portugal westward at mid depth.
This tongue results from an exchange flow between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic through the Strait of Gibraltar. Atlantic Water flows through the strait into the Mediterranean. Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume ) Oceanic vortices (also called eddies) come under a large variety of sizes, from a few kilometers up to km in diameter.
Vertically, their extent can also range from a few tens of meters up to (nearly) the whole ocean depth. Automatic Detection of Meddies Through Texture Analysis of Sea Surface Temperature Maps Ambar, I.: Lagrangian Observations of Meddy Formation During a Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment.
Phys. Oceanogr. 27(12 Castellani M., Marques N.C. () Automatic Detection of Meddies Through Texture Analysis of Sea Surface Cited by: 3. We studied the dispersion of Mediterranean Water into the North Atlantic via meddies and other processes.
Inwe seeded the Mediterranean Undercurrent near its source with Lagrangian drifters. Forty-nine RAFOS floats were launched sequentially in the Mediterranean Undercurrent south of Portugal and tracked for up to 11 months.
Seismic images of staircase layers at the bottom of the Mediterranean Undercurrent with a lateral coherence up to 50 km and a horizontal resolution of ∼10m are presented. The images show clearly the interaction between these staircase layers and other flow structures such as Cited by: A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment (AMUSE): Part II: RAFOS Float Data Report May - March Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Technical Memorandum WHOI, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, pp.
Bower, A. S., J. Pallant, and C. Chandler, A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment (AMUSE): Part I: Program. Topographic generation of submesoscale centrifugal instability and energy dissipation.
during a Mediterranean Undercurrent seeding experiment. Cited by: A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment (AMUSE): Part I I: RAFOS Float Data Report May - March by Heather D. Hunt, Christine M. Wooding, Cynthia L.
Chandler, and Amy S. Bower RAFOS floats are designed to take measurements of temperature, salinity, and pressure in layers of ocean water one to three thousand meters below the surface.
Two experiments [covering – A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment (AMUSE) and Structures des Echanges Mer– Atmosphère, Propriétés des Hétérogénéités Océaniques: Recherche Expérimentale (SEMAPHORE)] and XBT temperature measurements were used to directly validate the method presented herein.
The monthly mean. Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS) Abstract One of the earliest impacts of satellite data in mainstream oceanography, persuading marine scientists nearly four decades ago that here was a potentially useful new tool, was to reveal the ubiquitous occurrence of mesoscale variability in the open by: 2.
 Marine seismic and hydrographic data from the GO cruise in the Gulf of Cadiz acquired in April are analyzed to determine the physical nature and geometric characteristics of acoustic reflectors in the water column. Seismic data show strong reflectors near the surface, above Mediterranean water (MW) undercurrents, above a meddy, and within a submesoscale MW by: A.
Bower, L. Armi, I. AmbarLagragian observations of meddy formation during a Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment Journal of Physical Oceanography, 27 Cited by: 5.
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Deep-Sea Research I, 46, - Bower, A. S., L. Armi, and I. Ambar, Lagrangian observations of Meddy formation during A Medditerranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment. Journal of Physical Oceanography. Paula Wolfert is passionate about the Mediterranean -- its landscape, its people, its culture, and above all, its rich culinary tradition.
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Bower A, Armi L, Ambar I () Lagrangian observations of meddy formation during a Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment.
J Phys Oceanogr 27(11)– Article; Google Scholar; Cacho I, Grimalt JO, Sierro FJ, Shackleton NJ, Canals M () Evidence of enhanced Mediterranean thermohaline circulation during rapid climatic coolings Cited by: What is a good dry ice experiment try to do an experiment on if a frozen seed will grow taller than a regular seed Examples of alliteration in the book hatchet.
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